International Journal of Innovative Agriculture & Biology Research 3(2):41-45, April-June 2015


SEAHI PUBLICATIONS, 2015

ASSESSMENT OF CAUSES OF CONFLICT, PREVENTION AND RESOLUTION MECHANISMS BETWEEN CROP FARMERS AND NOMADIC PASTORALIST IN SHELLENG LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA



*USMAN, I.S. & 2GIREI, A.A.

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
2Postgraduate Programme, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension,
Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: ibrogirei1@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This study assessed causes of conflict, prevention and resolution mechanism between crop farmers and nomadic pastoralist in Shelleng Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. A total of eighty respondents (61 crop farmers and 19 pastoralists) were randomly selected from two of the six districts existing in the study area. Primary data were used for the study which was obtained through structured questionnaires administered to the respondents. The result revealed that majority (90%) of the respondents were of the opinion that encroachment of water points through conversion to other purposes such as irrigation was a major cause of conflict. Some of the respondents who also accounted for 85% were of the view that inadequate grazing reserve was also part of the problem causing conflicts between pastoralists and crop famers. Large proportion (85%) of the respondents preferred resolving conflict by the village heads possibly due to proximity people. Similarly another 85% of the respondents suggested that the best way of preventing conflict is through the provision of adequate points while 70.0% revealed that provision of grazing land for pasture development and management will help in preventing conflict. It is therefore recommended that; stakeholders should intensify effort towards the establishment of cattle routes, grazing reserve, water points and periodic interaction among crop farmers /pastoralists for sustainable partnership and co-existence.
Key words: Assessment, Causes, Crop farmers, Prevention, Resolution, Mechanisms