International Journal of Innovative Environmental Studies Research 3(2):13-26, April-Jun. 2015


SEAHI PUBLICATIONS, 2015

INVESTIGATING THE EFFECT OF OIL SPILL ON FISH



ADIOTOMRE, K.O.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
E-mail: oadiosking@yahoo.com; +2348032598246.

ABSTRACT
This project work developed and solved an advection-diffusion model which was used as a tool for investigating the effect of oil spill on fishes in water. The model predicted the concentration and spread of oil spill at given time periods. The model was simulated using MATLAB 7.5 at given initial and boundary conditions. The concentrations where plotted against x-direction (gill) at given time periods also against wind velocity using MICROSOFT EXCEL. The gill was taking into consideration because oil spill in water reduces the free oxygen in that area required by the fish for respiration. The result showed that at different wind velocities concentration decreased with increase in time at various distances. And concentration increased when varied with wind velocity. This shows that there will be increase in death of fishes close to the source of spill, than those other places further from it.
Keywords: Oil Spill, Free Oxygen, Fish Deaths.