International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences & Humanities Research 3(2):127-135, April-June 2015


SEAHI PUBLICATIONS, 2015

DETERMINANTS OF COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY PROJECTS IN KENYA



Fredrick W. OWINO1, Dr. Victor N. KERARO2 and Beth R. WANJIKU3
All Affiliated to Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Box 62000, 00200, Nairobi, Kenya

ABSTRACT
This study sought to investigate the determinants of competitive advantage of ICT projects in Kenya carried out in Nairobi County. The general objective of this study was to investigate the determinants of competitive advantage of ICT projects in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The study population consisted of 344 ICT firms from Nairobi County and a sample size of 103 firms constituting 30 per cent of the total population was selected through stratified sampling method. The study collected data from those who initiate, appraise, plan and manage ICT projects such as project managers, IT managers, technical managers, finance directors, and chief operation managers. Structured questionnaires with largely closed ended questions were used for data collection. Data collected was analyzed using the social package for social sciences (SPSS) version 21 and Microsoft Excel. Analysis included descriptive, regression and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The study found out that innovation, human resource management practices, systems adopted and government policies significantly determine competitive advantage of ICT projects in Kenya. Further the study found that all the four independent variables had a positive influence on competitive advantage of ICT projects in Kenya. The findings of the study revealed that government policies, to a great extent affect competitive advantage of ICT projects in Kenya followed by human resource management practices, then innovation and finally systems adopted. The study therefore concluded that innovation, human resource management practices, systems adopted and government policies significantly influence competitive advantage of ICT projects in Kenya.
Keywords: Competitive Advantage of ICT Projects, Project Success, Innovation, Human Resource Management Practices, Government Policies