International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences & Humanities Research 3(2):60-68, April-June 2015



NYAMBANE Fredrick Monanti1*; ZAKAYO Amayi2; AJAMI Gloria3 & MINYIKHA Lilian4
Department of English, Literature, Journalism and Mass Communication.
Kibabii University College P.O. Box 1699-50200, BUNGOMA - KENYA
*Corresponding author email:

Human conflicts are offshoots of multiple interests such as sectarian jingoism, xenophobic sentiments, ethnic bigotry and other reasons. These are secondary causes. The deeper cause is the scramble for biodiversity related resources and is worrying. The horrendous results of these conflicts are maimed, displaced and dispossessed populations round the globe. This tragic scenario has further resulted in sordid banditry of fauna and flora, leading to global warming together with its chilling and mind boggling effects. Efforts fronted by the United Nations Environmental Programmes for environmental conservation to try and ameliorate biodiversity degradation have resulted in average success. Still, global losses of biodiversity are undeniably high. The losses are directly linked to the escalation of human conflicts and polarization of societies. Saving the remaining world’s biodiversity is therefore an important policy issue in the international stage. The intent of this study is therefore to explore the possibility of the contribution of indigenous oral poetry in aiding the already existing efforts of biodiversity conservation and how the conservation can lead to the fostering of social and national integration/unity. The study limited itself to analyzing indigenous oral texts obtained from Kenyan communities. Practical Criticism of the texts alongside Louis Althusser’s Ideological State Apparatuses theories were used to demonstrate that meanings elucidated by the studied oral texts can foster inter-communal integration by encouraging global populations to conserve biodiversity. The significance of this study is to contribute towards the efforts of biodiversity conservation and promoting global unity.
Key words: Indigenous Oral Poetry, National Integration, Biodiversity Conservation, Practical Criticism, Ideological State Apparatuses