International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences & Humanities Research 3(2):86-99, April-June 2015


SEAHI PUBLICATIONS, 2015

YOUTH EMPOWERMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY: AN IMPERATIVE FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA



1Dr Joseph M. IBBIH; Michael ANTHONY2 & Abdul Rasaq ITARI3
1Department of Economics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
Email: jibbih@yahoo.com
2Department of Economics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
3Department of Economics, Federal University, Dutse, Nigeria

ABSTRACT
Given the numerical strength and energy of the young people, there is the need to conceive a policy to empower and involve the youth in productive economic activities. Youth empowerment involves exposure to and upgrading of relevant skills in order to increase their competency and efficiency. The study examines the relationship between youth empowerment and productivity. Our objective is to investigate if youth empowerment and productivity has any impact on economic development in Nigeria. The Least Square and cointegration analyses were applied on a time series data over a period of 23 years. The results show a weak positive causal relationship between productivity and the independent variables (empowerment). The independent variables have negative and unstable impact on productivity and economic development. We recommend that more deliberate investment be made in capacity building and skills acquisition. Financial and intellectual capital should be provided to the youths. These would enhance their productivity and their contribution to national development.
Keywords: Empowerment, Productivity, Youth, Economic Development, Human capital, Skills.